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In dealing with all aspects, students increasingly apply principles of scientific thinking and practice to gain insights, and make research methods themselves the subject of lesson. They increasingly use technical terms as a common basis for understanding.Pupils describe themselves in their respective roles in different communities: family, class, and school. The multitude of different family forms accept and value them as equal forms of living.
They distinguish between basic human needs and consumer desires, also by considering their own experiences. The children describe media from their living environment and explain what they use it for.
Attitudes and behaviors that are important for a healthy lifestyle (eg healthy diet, hygiene, leisure behavior) are explained and acted accordingly. They describe the basic structure and functioning of the human body, appreciate the value of their senses, respect their own person and also deal with the feelings of others with care. They determine animals and plants (in hedge or meadow) and present them in their mutual relationships and in their adaptability to the habitat. The children describe fruits and vegetables and their development cycle. Using concrete examples, they illustrate the importance of farm animals and crops.
They distinguish different substances according to their properties and show an awareness of a responsible and sustainable use of scarce resources. Airborne phenomena explain and explain the importance of air as a natural livelihood.Starting from the daily and annual run and their own life story, they orient themselves in the present and the past (eg using a timeline). They also illustrate the course of their own life history and use age-appropriate sources (eg objects, photos, narration of the parents).
The students explore spaces of their familiar surroundings, compare their perceptions, orient themselves with the help of simple plans and create even developmental drawings, floor plans, models and plans. By way of example, they describe the use, stress and protection of a school-related space (eg playground, park). The children act in a safety-conscious mannerm actively use exercises in the sanctuary to enhance their ability to perceive and react.
They explain the importance of tools for various human activities and distinguish occupations. By constructing and constructing themselves, they describe features for stability and operability, and use these insights for their own designs.